Not Just Another Big Ten Realignment Post

Analysts from across the college football blogosphere have written at length about the future of Big Ten realignment. With the season fast approaching and my future posts likely dedicated to weekly matchups, I'll give my prediction for the final alignment in the Big Ten.

Firstly, there is a very high likelihood that the Big Ten will be divided into two divisions. An annual conference championship game would be good for ratings, fun for fans, and would bring in additional revenue for the schools.

So, how can there be an equitable split of the Big Ten into two conferences? I've put together my predictions based upon six factors: 1) Football Revenue, 2) Basketball Revenue, 3) Rivalries, and 4) Balance of Power.

Here's my prediction, which is in no way unique from what others may have written in the past:

Southeast Division Northwest Division
Ohio State Michigan
Penn State Nebraska
Illinois Iowa
Indiana Wisconsin
Purdue Michigan State
Northwestern Minnesota

Here's how the divisions would break down on a map:

Bigtenrealignment_medium

Is this just a geographical breakdown? Absolutely not. Let's take a look at the team revenues for this scenario. For the analysis, I used a published list of 2008 team revenues:

Southeast FB Revenue Northwest FB Revenue Southeast BB Revenue Northwest BB Revenue
OSU 68M MI 52M OSU 16M MI 8M
PSU 62M NB 55M PSU 8M NB 6M
ILL 26M IA 39M ILL 15M IA 10M
IND 21M WI 40M IND 15M WI 15M
P 18M MICH ST 44M P 8M MICH ST 16M
NW 29M MN 26 M NW 9M MN 13M
Total 224M Total 256M Total 71M Total 68M

Combined, the two divisions would have similar revenue production. How would this affect rivalries? If each team were allowed one, or in the case of Penn State two inter-division rivalry to be preserved for each season, the following rivalries would be preserved:

Team In Division In Division In or Out of Division
Minnesota Iowa Wisconsin Michigan (in)
Michigan
Michigan State Minnesota Ohio State (out)
Michigan State Michigan
Nebraska Iowa Michigan Penn State (out)
Iowa Minnesota Wisconsin Penn State (out)
Wisconsin Minnesota Iowa
Ohio State Penn State Illinois Michigan (out)
Penn State Ohio State Indiana Nebraska/Iowa (out)
Illinois Indiana Northwestern Ohio State/Purdue (in)
Indiana Purdue Penn St.
Purdue Indiana Illinois
Northwestern Illinois

Of the rivalries on the list that I found and referenced, only the Michigan State versus Penn State rivalry game doesn't fit the model. The only team that would have to play two out-of-division games each year would be Penn State with Nebraska and Iowa. I don't see that as a problem, as Penn State fans and the media would probably appreciate having both of those teams on the schedule.

Finally, what about the balance of power? Well, both divisions would have two perennial powerhouses. In the following list, I've placed the Big Ten teams into three groups for cumulative football and basketball prowess: 1 = Top Tier and top TV $, 2 = Middle Tier and middle TV $, and 3 = bottom tier for the Big Ten:

Northwest Southeast
1 Michigan 1 Ohio State
1 Nebraska 1 Penn State
2 Iowa 2 Indiana (historical basketball prowess bumped them up)
2 Wisconsin 3 Purdue
2 Michigan State 3 Illinois
3 Minnesota 3 Northwestern

The power does appear to be shifted towards to Northwest. But imagine the revenue potential of an Ohio State/Michigan or Nebraska/Penn State Big Ten Conference championship game.

Let's look at football wins and basketball championships since 2002. There were a few years for which there were co-champs in the regular season for basketball. For football, the Northwest Division has had 369 wins since 2002 and the Southeast Division has had 317. For basketball, the Northwest Division has had 5 Big Ten Champions and the Southeast has had 8 Champions.

There's no way to have a perfect split amongst divisions in the Big Ten. However, I think that this model comes close.

So, what do you think? Is this an equitable and fair split for the conference? What would you do differently?

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